MENASP Network Database

Social Policy Database

Database of Middle East North Africa Social Policy Expertise

Dr. Tamara A. Kool

Tamara A. Kool is an independent consultant with an expertise on social protection and forced displacement, with a regional focus on the Middle East. She recently obtained her PhD at Maastricht University on the role of refugee-related policies in shaping inclusion of regional-based refugees in the Jordanian labour market. In addition, she has supported various institutional consultancies in the field of social (protection) policy and humanitarian contexts for UNHCR, WFP, ERF, UNICEF, IOM, ILO and UNU-MERIT; and taught postgraduate courses on social protection and human development at the Maastricht University & UNU-MERIT.

Prior, she worked as a researcher at UNU-MERIT and as program officer/consultant on gender, peace and security. She holds a MSc Public Policy and Human Development from Maastricht University and UNU-MERIT (cum laude) where she specialised in social protection and, amongst others a BA in General, Comparative and Intercultural Literature.

Doctorate, Maastricht University
Current or most recent Employer


Maastricht Graduate School of Governce & UNU-MERIT
Time in Post - 2

Organisation Type: Consultant/Self-employed

Regional Expertise


Disciplinary or professional background

Development Studies, Development (applied), Humanities, Social/Public Policy


English (Spoken), English (Written), English (Primary Writing Language), French (Written), Other* (Spoken), Other* (Written),
Other *Dutch

Contact Info


Independent consultant
Social Media

@TamaraAKool (Twitter)

Public Profiles​

Current Areas of Policy Interest

Inequality ( 7 years )

Poverty or deprivation reduction ( 6 years )

Poverty or deprivation measurement ( 6 years )

Governance (National) ( 7 years )

Public Policy ( 7 years )

Gender equality ( 9 years )

Social protection

Social safety nets ( 6 years )

Labour and employment policies ( 5 years )

Social security systems ( 6 years )

Humanitarianism & emergency relief ( 5 years )

Work relates to groups



Women ( 9 years )

Refugees ( 7 years )


Areas of Policy Interest over the last ten years

Areas of Policy Interest researched, programmes designed and/or delivered in the last ten years

Public Policy

Poverty/deprivation reduction

Poverty/deprivation measurement


Governance (National)

Gender equality

Social protection

Social security systems

Labour and employment polices

Humanitarianism & emergency relief

Conflict & Security


Academic publications

Academic conferences
RLI Conference 2021: Panel 2A: Refugees, the Convention and Access to Work and Health;

Policy Reports
Kool, T.A., and F. Gassmann, 2022. Essential Needs Analysis & Programming: A global review of WFP’s approach and experience to-date. WFP: Rome. Available at:

Policy Briefs
Forthcoming: Kawar, M, Nimeh, Z, and T.A. Kool. The importance of the transformative angle for advancing the social protection agenda in Jordan. ERF Policy Brief.

Consultancy Reports
UNICEF, 2020. Out-of-school children in Jordan. Amman: UNICEF Jordan. (Authors: F. Gassmann, T.A. Kool, and E. Timar).